Electricians Job Description

Electrician Job Description

The main job duty of electricians is to ensure that electrical current keeps flowing in a safe and reliable fashion from mains to outlets and electrical appliances. Secondary roles of electricians depend on the specialization and the industry in which the electrician is employed. Although there are common duties for all electricians, differences exist in the duties that these professionals handle, and they are all determined by the specific career path an electrician chooses.

New Construction

Electricians who work in construction sites usually work from blueprints produced by architects or builders. The blueprints provide information regarding the location of all electrical outlets, switches, circuits, lighting fixtures, breakers, and wiring in a building. The electricians then determine the best way to run the wiring throughout the building. Electricians in construction sites also install conduits to hold all the required wiring as well as run the wires and connect them. Apprentice electricians cannot fulfill these roles and usually work under direct supervision. On the other hand, licensed electricians can perform these tasks on their own without direct supervision.

Industrial Electricians

Some electricians specialize in working in industrial settings. Depending on the employer, some electricians fill multiple roles. For instance, an electrician working in an auto production plant might repair robotics as well as repair generators and motors in a battery production plant. Industrial electricians also install new electrical equipment and rewire existing systems. This type of electricians also performs routine maintenance on equipment in an industrial environment.

Residential Electricians

Some electricians specialize on repairing residential electrical systems. With time, residential electrical systems might become defective or outdated; circuit breaker may also become too small for current electrical demands. Some homeowners may require residential electricians to help them place electrical outlets in new locations. Residential electricians may also be required to rewire entire homes. This may involve coordinating with other professionals including carpenters, HVAC technicians and plumbers.

Commercial Electricians

These professionals install and repair electrical systems in offices and other commercial settings. Business owners may require the services of commercial electricians when they want to increase the number of computers in their offices, install lighted signs, or relocate cash registers. Commercial electricians may also need to work with other professionals including alarm system technicians and elevator installers.

Education and Training

One of the best places to launch your career as an electrician is a technical school. Here, you will learn how to read blueprints, learn about local building codes, and the basics of electrical theory. Next step is serving as an apprentice, which may take two to four years. During your apprenticeship, you will attend classes part time and receive on-the-job training the rest of the time. You cannot work independently as an apprentice nor offer your services to the public. After successful completion of your apprenticeship program, you will become a journeyman electrician. Most states allow journeyman electricians to work independently and seek state licenses.

Electricians earn descent wages and salaries. The Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that electricians earn an average annual salary of $52,910 with the highest earning ten percentile electricians earning $82,680 per year as of May 2011.

Emergency Electricians

What Do Emergency Electricians Do if One Electrical Outlet in a Room Does Not Work?

Electricity must complete a full circuit from the point where it enters the house from a utility supplier and back again. The electrical systems of modern homes consist of a three-wire system including a hot wire, a neutral wire, and a bare wire. There are various factors that could cause an electrical outlet in your home not to work. These are some of the areas an emergency electrician would look at in case the electrical outlet of your room does not work.

Check for GFCI

One of the first areas an emergency electrician would look at if an outlet quits is the type of outlet in the room. One of the most common types of electrical outlets in modern homes is the ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlet. This type of outlet can stop functioning if it experiences any form of interruption, even temporarily. GFCI outlets feature an in-built circuit breaker that can stop the flow of electricity if there is a problem.

Breakers

Next, the emergency electrician would probably inspect the breaker panel where power comes into the house. Sometimes, the GFCI break might trip the breaker that controls the entire electrical unit. If all breakers in the house are OK, the emergency electrician would test the other outlets in the house. The circuits of a house may not necessarily be divided by rooms; one or more outlets in a room may be on different circuits and the outlet that is not working could be on a different circuit that connects outlets in other areas.

The Receptacle

The emergency electrician would also inspect the receptacle of the faulty electrical outlet. This may involve removing the faceplate and inspecting the wire connections.

Test the Wiring

The emergency electrician would also test the outlet wiring with a circuit breaker. This is a dangerous operation that only knowledgeable professionals like electricians can perform safely. This is often undertaken to determine if the outlet requires replacement or not.

Replace the Outlet

As a last resort, the emergency electrician would replace the entire outlet. Of course, the electrician would ensure that there is no current on the site before replacing the outlet.

The main role of electricians is to install, maintain and repair electrical systems of commercial, residential, industrial, and commercial premises. Although some electricians are self-employed, many work for electrical companies and service providers. These professionals earn reasonable salaries but face many job hazards including risk of electrical shock and burns.

Injuries

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), electricians have an above average on-the-job injury rate. Some of the injuries that electricians are prone to include burns, electric shocks, bruises, and cuts. According to the Electrical Safety Foundation International, more than 30,000 electric shocks happen to electricians each year. It is advisable not to try to repair faulty electrical appliances and components at home on your own. Call an emergency electrician in case you urgently need electrical repair services. Even the relatively low voltage electricity that gets into your home can cause serious injuries.

When should you hire an electrician?

You have an electrical fault at home. You might consider repairing the fault yourself, because you don’t think that you really need to hire an electrician to come and do the repair for you. However, the one thing that we don’t’ really realize is that there are many reasons on why you should rather leave any electrical work to a professional. With this information, you will know when you should hire an electrical and when you are trying to repair the fault yourself.

Huge electrical faults in your home

We all have tried to repair some small electrical faults at our homes. However, this isn’t always a great idea to do it yourself. Especially, when you don’t have the right type of experience.

When there is a huge or serious electrical fault in your home, and you don’t know where the problem lies, it is best to hire an electrician with the right type of experience. This is the only way that you can know for sure that you are going to ensure the safety of you and your family.

When the electricity keep on tripping

It can become frustrating when your electricity keeps on tripping. No matter what you are doing, the circuit board is tripping every few minutes.

This might mean that there is a short someone in your home. This is where you should not even consider repairing the electricity yourself. A short that isn’t repaired correctly can result in a fire that can leave you homeless and put your family in some serious danger. When your electricity is kept on tripping, phoning an electrician immediately.

Time to do rewiring throughout your home

Old homes need to be rewired. This is because the wires of an old home aren’t high quality wires and can lead to shorts often. Most older homes with old wires are struggling with the electricity.

But, the one thing that you should not consider for one minute is to do the rewiring yourself. Even, if you have some sort of experience in repairing small electrical faults. Rewiring a home is dangerous and needs someone with experience and qualifications.

Not having any experience yourself

No matter how big or small the electrical problem might be. If you don’t have any experience, you should not even consider trying to repair it yourself. This is dangerous, and not many people really know how to work on electricity safely. They are putting their families at risk, just because they want to save some money. If you don’t have experience with electricity, you should hire a professional.

Many people don’t really know when to hire a professional electrician for electrical faults. And, this can result in more problems or the problem not getting solved. It is really important to know that if you have any electrical problem at home, and you don’t have electrical experience, that you should rather hire a professional with the right experience to do the job for you. This is the only way that you can make sure that you and your family are safe.